Load Securement

Safety Principles

To Counter Acceleration Forces These Values Are Required:

1.0=weight of load

During truck transport the load should be secured with 50% of the weight toward the sides and back, and with 80% of the weight toward the front. For transport by rail and ship, the values are accordingly higher.

 

Inadequate Securing of Cargo

Example 1

Insecure Load of Steel

The load consisted of 22,600 kg of coated steel sections. Some of the cargo interlocked at the front and at the sides but most of it did not. The friction partners were newly painted steel to screen floor, µ = 0.2. TWELVE lashing straps with an STF value of 500 daN were used.

Due to variable loading, no way was found to secure the load at the rear by lashing straps alone. The only option was to reload the entire cargo and place it onto anti-slip mats. The driver had applied 13 lashing straps and had a further 20 straps available. 193 lashing straps of this kind should have been used, or alternatively 97 long handle ratchets.

 

 

Example 2

Insecure Load of MDF

The cargo consisted of 24,000 kg of MDF boards, which were combined into 8 packages. The entire cargo had a positive lock connection to the front - but not to the sides and rear.

The friction partners were chipboard/ MDF board to screen floor, µ = 0.2. TWELVE lashing straps with an STF value of 500 daN were used. FORTY NINE lashing straps would have been necessary to achieve the correct levels of restraint.

If, on the other hand, Rubbertech Anti-Slip Mats had been used the load would have been sufficiently secured.

 

 

Example 3

The load was secured using 15 lashing straps with the friction partners being wood on a non slip floor. If Rubbertech Anti-Slip Mats had been used the load would have been sufficiently secured, in actuality the required number of lashing straps needed to be 38 to secure the load properly.

Rubbertech Anti-Slip under Pallet

 

 

The image (right) shows the correct method for placing Rubbertech Anti-Slip mats under palleted goods to prevent any slippage during transportation.

 

Accidents in the Transport Industry (HSE, 2008)

One of the key hazards in the transport sector is posed by LOADS SHIFTING in TRANSIT and then falling from vehicles, causing injuries and/or fatalities.

Between 2006 and 2007 the HSE identified 5 deaths and over 216 major injuries resulting from OBJECTS FALLING onto people in the “Freight by Road” industry.

The impact of such incidents are not limited to workers within the industry, loads shifting in transit on the public highways and byways can and have killed members of the public.

The Benefits of Good Health and Safety: Incidence of harm in the Haulage Industry - latest statistics:
  • Reduced costs and reduced risks
  • Improved standing among suppliers and partners
  • A better reputation for corporate responsibility
  • Increased productivity
  • 60 fatalities
  • 5,000 serious injuries
  • 23,000 over 3 day absentee injuries
  • an unknown, unreported quantity of minor injuries and near misses

Responsibility for Securing Loads

According to commercial law both the dispatcher and the carrier are responsible.

Both the shipper and the driver have an obligation to secure the cargo.

The vehicle owner has the obligation to equip the vehicle for correct cargo securement.

The dispatcher is responsible for the safe loading for transportation.

The carrier is responsible for safe and reliable loading.